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Hughie Lee-Smith

Eustis, Florida 1915

Albuquerque, New Mexico 1999

Active in:

  • Ferndale, Michigan
  • Orangeburg, South Carolina

Luce Artist Quote

"I think my paintings have to do with an invisible life—a reality on a different level." The artist, quoted in Carol Wald, "The Metaphysical World of Hughie Lee-Smith," American Artist 42 (October 1978)


Hughie Lee-Smith knew from an early age that art would be his "mission." A classically trained artist, his diverse influences range from the metaphysical imagery of the Italian painter Giorgio de Chirico to the romantic realism of Edward Hopper. Lee-Smith concedes, "In my case, aloneness, I think, has stemmed from the fact that I'm black. Unconsciously it has a lot to do with a sense of alienation." Although his feelings about racial inequities or disharmonies have been inspirational, he seeks to create images that articulate his emotions about social and cultural disparity as it relates to all of humanity. His interest in people and their relationship to the world has been unwavering. While Lee-Smith's dramas have included both black and white protagonists, they are almost always isolated in the landscape and from each other.

The Stranger [SAAM, 1994.15] is a compilation of outdoor sketches and photographic studies of midwestern landscapes later filtered through the artist's imagination. The tidily clustered houses and outbuildings are picturesque and welcoming but, apparently, inaccessible to the young man who has paused in the field, perhaps in the act of departure or skirting the town. A road or dry river bed cuts through the raw earth, aformal device that reinforces the figure's separation from the dwellings above. In an effort to symbolize "everyman," his race is also ambiguous.

Although the artist believes the painting may have been originally exhibited under the title Town Beyond Slope, he retitled it The Stranger in 1994, after seeing the work for the first time in almost thirty years. Lee-Smith was struck by the figure's positioning in relationship to the town, which he now reads as affluent. "My feelings and emotions [about the painting] are different today, but it is from my brush and my soul," he says. Lee-Smith continues to explore the universality of human loneliness through his silent, mysterious images, always tempered with a cautious optimism about the prospect of restoration and equality.

Lynda Roscoe Hartigan African-American Art: 19th and 20th-Century Selections (brochure. Washington, D.C.: National Museum of American Art)

Additional Biographies

Luce Artist Biography

Hughie Lee-Smith hyphenated his middle and last name while in school so as to stand out from the other students named Smith. Lee-Smith served as president of his high school art club and received a scholarship to the Cleveland School of Art, where he studied painting. After a nineteen-month stint in the Navy as an official painter of patriotic, morale-raising scenes, Lee-Smith enrolled in Wayne State University on the GI Bill, and earned a bachelor's degree in art education. He later became the artist-in-residence at Howard University, where he supervised the creation of a series of murals that recognized the scientific and artistic achievements of African Americans.

In 1967, Lee-Smith became the first African American to receive full membership to the National Academy of Design since Henry Ossawa Tanner's induction forty years earlier. Throughout his career, Lee-Smith supplemented the income earned through the sale of his paintings by teaching at various institutions, including Karamu House in Cleveland (a center for Black artists), the Princeton Art Association, and the Art Students League. During his lifetime, Lee-Smith's work was often overshadowed by the abstract expressionist pieces so popular among collectors, though his paintings did not go completely unnoticed. Comedian Bill Cosby purchased three artworks for the set of his television series The Cosby Show, thereby exposing Lee-Smith’s paintings to millions of viewers.