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The End of Day

1930 Max Kalish Born: Valozin, Lithuania 1891 Died: New York, New York 1945 bronze 15 3/8 x 5 7/8 x 3 1/2 in. (39.2 x 15.0 x 8.9 cm.) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Max Kalish 1933.1.2 Not currently on view

Luce Center Quote

“As I mingle among the workers in factories or in the open, I find them in their natural poses . . . while at rest there is a sense of rhythm and beauty that compares favorably with the great sculptural themes of the past.” Artist quoted in Labor Sculpture by Max Kalish, 1938

Luce Center Label

Max Kalish chose laborers, particularly steelworkers and riveters, as his subject because of their important role in industrialized America. Factories employed so many people that to Kalish these workers represented the common man. He appreciated the rhythm and grace that workers showed in their daily tasks, and captured both the physical effort and the well-deserved rest of his laborers, as shown here in The End of the Day. His images of the “heroic worker” were aimed at restoring faith and optimism to a dispirited population suffering the ravages of the Depression.


Figure male - full length

Occupation - labor


metal - bronze