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Political liberty does not consist in an unlimited freedom...we must have continually present to our minds the difference between independence and liberty. Liberty is a right of doing whatever the laws permit, and if a citizen could do what they forbid he would be no longer possessed of liberty, because all his fellow-citizens would have the same power.--Montesquieu on the Nature of Liberty. From the series Great Ideas of Western Man.

1951 Edith Jaffy Kaplan Born: New York, New York brush and ink and gouache on paper sheet: 21 5/8 x 15 1/4 in. (55.0 x 38.7 cm) irregular Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Container Corporation of America 1984.124.137 Not currently on view


Figure - head



paint - gouache

paper - wove paper

About Edith Jaffy Kaplan

Born: New York, New York