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Justice (model, Newark, New Jersey Courthouse)

1934-1935 Romuald Kraus Born: Itzkany, Austria-Hungary 1891 Died: Louisville, Kentucky 1954 bronze/cast 14 3/8 x 7 1/2 x 3 3/4 in. (36.6 x 19.2 x 9.5 cm.) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Maria Ealand 1979.34 Smithsonian American Art Museum
Luce Foundation Center, 4th Floor, 47B


Luce Center Label

Romuald Kraus entered this model in a competition for a statue of Justice for the federal court in Newark, New Jersey. In 1935 the press announced that he had won the commission and published photographs of his model. The design of the statue caused huge controversy, however, because Kraus had abandoned the time-honored symbols of Justice---the scales, sword, and blindfold. Federal judge Guy L. Fake condemned the piece, saying that it “smacks blatantly of Communism. The menacing manner in which her arms are raised brings a picture of brute force.” Major George O. Totten Jr. described the figure as having “biceps like a heavyweight prize fighter and a neck like a wrestler.” Public opinion eventually won the case and the completed seven-foot bronze statue was rejected.

Keywords

Allegory - quality - justice

Architecture Interior - civic - courthouse

Cityscape - New Jersey - Newark

Figure female - full length

sculpture

metal - bronze

About Romuald Kraus

Born: Itzkany, Austria-Hungary 1891 Died: Louisville, Kentucky 1954