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"The man who is guided by reason is more free in a state, where he lives under a general system of law, than in solitude, where he is independent."--Benedict Spinoza, Ethics, 1677. From the series Great Ideas of Western Man.

1956 Richard Lindner Born: Hamburg, Germany 1901 Died: New York, New York 1978 oil on canvas 26 1/8 x 18 in. (66.4 x 45.8 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Container Corporation of America 1984.124.179 Not currently on view


Keywords

Allegory - arts and sciences - mathematics

Allegory - arts and sciences - philosophy

Occupation - education - philosopher

Portrait male - Spinoza, Benedict - bust

painting

paint - oil

fabric - canvas

About Richard Lindner

Born: Hamburg, Germany 1901 Died: New York, New York 1978

More works in the collection by
Richard Lindner