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n.d. Paul Manship Born: St. Paul, Minnesota 1885 Died: New York, New York 1966 bronze 6 1/4 x 5 1/4 in. (15.8 x 13.4 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of the artist 1965.16.78 Smithsonian American Art Museum
Luce Foundation Center, 4th Floor, 46A, Drawer 9

Luce Center Label

Research has not revealed the purpose for which Paul Manship designed this cross, although the design is very similar to the Navy Cross created by James Earle Fraser after World War I. The trident on the reverse appears as well in Manship’s design for the Navy’s Distinguished Service Medal (see 1965.16.97), created in 1919. The Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal are the highest awards earned in the United States Navy.


Emblem - cross

Figure female - head

Object - foliage - laurel

Object - other - wreath

Object - weapon - spear


metal - bronze