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Eve (#1)

1935 Paul Manship Born: St. Paul, Minnesota 1885 Died: New York, New York 1966 bronze 43 3/4 in. (111.2 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Bequest of Paul Manship 1966.47.6 Smithsonian American Art Museum
Luce Foundation Center, 3rd Floor, W310


Luce Center Label

Paul Manship captured Eve as a tortured soul. Her clenched fists symbolize her struggle with the snake that tempts her to eat the forbidden fruit. Manship’s sculpture demonstrates a number of influences. The snake, for example, is supposed to be Lilith, the female demon of ancient mythologies, and her sinister face evokes the gargoyles of medieval cathedrals. The sculptor wanted to make Eve seem innocent, so he modeled her to look like an ancient Greek marble, which he believed was the purest form of sculpture. Her classicized torso rests comfortably on her left leg, and Manship even inserted an unnecessary back support, as if the piece were carved, to further allude to Greek sculpture.

Keywords

Animal - reptile - snake

Religion - Old Testament - Eve

sculpture

metal - bronze

cast