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Kultur Medal

1918 Paul Manship Born: St. Paul, Minnesota 1885 Died: New York, New York 1966 bronze 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm) diam. Smithsonian American Art Museum Bequest of Paul Manship 1966.47.124 Not currently on view


Luce Center Label

Paul Manship created uncharacteristically grim images for the obverse and reverse of this medal, which memorializes Germany’s conquest of Belgium. “Kultur” was an idealization of German civilization, developed by the German state to justify acts of aggression under the imperial regime. On the obverse, Manship depicted a thick-necked kaiser wearing a “rosary” of skulls representing the nations he had defeated. On the reverse, a Teutonic soldier abducts a woman whose baby lies dead on the ground. This medal sold for ten dollars to help relief efforts during the First World War.

Keywords

Allegory - place - Belgium

Figure group

Figure male - bust

Figure - fragment - skull

History - United States - World War I

Object - weapon - sword

Occupation - military - soldier

State of being - death - murder

sculpture - medal

metal - bronze

relief

About Paul Manship

Born: St. Paul, Minnesota 1885 Died: New York, New York 1966

More works in the collection by
Paul Manship