Sketch of Old Baltimore Waterfront
1934 Herman Maril Born: Baltimore, Maryland 1908 Died: Hyannis, Massachusetts 1986 oil on fiberboard 18 1/8 x 14 1/8 in. (46.0 x 36.0 cm.) Smithsonian American Art Museum Transfer from the U.S. Department of Labor 1964.1.187 Not currently on view
Herman Maril opened a window onto the history of his native city in this view of Baltimore harbor. Maril was a modernist painter who simplified the forms in the painting to make "the abstract structure . . . dominant," yet he retained enough details to situate the scene in a past era. A schooner typical of nineteenth-century shipping is tied up in the foreground, its sails furled after a journey that could have brought it from almost anywhere in the world. The domed Merchants and Exchange building visible in the background stood at the corner of Gay and Water streets in Baltimore's inner harbor from 1815 until it was razed in 1901.
This painting is thus set before Maril’s birth in 1908, in an era cut off from the artist’s life time by the disastrous fire of 1904 that destroyed Baltimore’s inner harbor docks along with much of the city. Maril’s wife recalled that the artist "took pleasure in looking at the architecture and changes in the city over the years," particularly enjoying "the harbor where he walked with his father." Baltimore's vanished past remained key to Maril's personal conception of the American scene.
1934: A New Deal for Artists exhibition label
Architecture Exterior - commercial - warehouse
Architecture - boat - sailing ship
Cityscape - Maryland - Baltimore
Cityscape - wharf
Figure(s) in exterior - urban
New Deal - Treasury Section of Painting and Sculpture - Maryland
paint - oil