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n.d. Albert Pinkham Ryder Born: New Bedford, Massachusetts 1847 Died: New York, New York 1917 oil on canvas 26 x 35 3/4 in. (66.0 x 90.8 cm.) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of John Gellatly 1929.6.96 Not currently on view

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Albert Pinkham Ryder never relied on sketches before he started work on a painting and instead applied large areas of color with quick, expressive strokes of the palette knife. In this unfinished painting, we can see where he changed the composition simply by painting his latest idea over previous attempts. He altered the direction of the hay cart and decided it should be pulled by oxen instead of horses. We can still see the faint outline of a horse behind the wheels, while the oxen are just blocked in with a reddish-brown wash. This painting is a rare glimpse of the early stages of Ryder's work, before he began the painstaking process of adding layer upon layer of translucent glaze. (Broun, Albert Pinkham Ryder, 1989)


Animal - cattle

Architecture - vehicle - wagon

Figure male - full length

Landscape - farm

Occupation - farm - harvesting


paint - oil

fabric - canvas