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"Providence has not created mankind entirely independent or entirely free. It is true that around every man a fatal circle is traced beyond which he cannot pass, but within the wide verge of that circle he is powerful and free; as it is with man, so with communities. The nations of our time cannot prevent the conditions of men from becoming equal; but it depends upon themselves whether the principle of equality is to lead them to servitude or freedom, to knowledge or barbarism, to prosperity or wretchedness."--Alexis de Tocqueville, 1835. From the series Great Ideas of Western Man.

1952 Feliks Topolski Born: Poland 1907 Died: London, England 1989 conte crayon on paper mounted on paperboard sheet: 13 3/4 x 11 in. (35.0 x 27.8 cm) irregular Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Container Corporation of America 1984.124.289 Not currently on view


Figure - fragment - face

Occupation - writer

Portrait male - de Tocqueville, Alexis - head


crayon - conté crayon


paperboard - hurlock royal crest illustrating board

About Feliks Topolski

Born: Poland 1907 Died: London, England 1989

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Feliks Topolski