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1825 Unidentified Copy after Charles Bird King Born: Newport, Rhode Island 1785 Died: Washington, District of Columbia 1862 oil on canvas 30 1/2 x 25 3/8 in. (77.5 x 64.3 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Transfer from the National Museum of Natural History, Department of Anthropology, Smithsonian Institution 1985.66.387,322 Smithsonian American Art Museum
Luce Foundation Center, 3rd Floor, 12B

Luce Center Label

From 1824 to 1830, Thomas McKenney served as US Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC, and during his tenure developed a government collection of portraits of prominent Native Americans who visited the city as delegates of their tribes. McKenney commissioned a well-known Washington portraitist, Charles Bird King, to paint the leaders of about twenty Native American tribes. This painting is a copy of King's portrait of Apauly-Tustennuggee, who was a member of the Creek delegation that challenged the validity of the Treaty of Indian Springs of 1825, which demanded the cession of all Creek lands in the state of Georgia in exchange for cash payments. McKenney described Apauly-Tustennuggee as "a chief and a warrior . . . a firm, brave man–and of good sense." (James D. Horan, The McKenney-Hall Portrait Gallery of American Indians, 1972)


Ethnic - Indian - Creek

Ethnic - South American

Portrait male - Apauly Tustennuggee


paint - oil

fabric - canvas