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Paul "Hots" Watkins, Stable Manager for Many Years of Diteman's Stable, 1612 Aliceanna Street, East Baltimore, Maryland, December 1979, from the series Southern Roads/City Pavements

1979, printed 1982 Roland L. Freeman Born: Baltimore, Maryland 1936 gelatin silver print sheet: 14 x 11 in. (35.4 x 28.0 cm.) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of George H. Dalsheimer © 1979, Roland L. Freeman 1991.80.2 Not currently on view

Exhibition Label

The Baltimore horse-cart vendors known as “arabbers” hold a special place in Freeman’s early development – so much that he dedicated an entire project to an exploration of their lives. Paul “Hots” Watkins is an intimate photographic portrayal of one member of this hard-working and now virtually extinct group in Baltimore. A descendent of arabbers himself, Freeman’s closeness to the subject was both difficult and rewarding – he wanted his documentation to reveal the arabbers’ rich social history as well as their importance in the African American story.

African American Art: Harlem Renaissance, Civil Rights Era, and Beyond, 2012


Cityscape - Maryland - Baltimore

Cityscape - street - Aliceanna Street

Ethnic - African-American

Occupation - farm - groom

Portrait male - Watkins, Paul "Hots"

Recreation - leisure - smoking

photography - photoprint


gelatin silver