DCSIMG
La Virgen del pilar by José Campeche y Jordán / American Art
Larger Type
Smaller Type

Search Collections

La Virgen del pilar

late 18th century José Campeche y Jordán Born: San Juan, Puerto Rico 1751 Died: San Juan, Puerto Rico 1809 oil on canvas mounted to board 23 x 16 7/8 in. (58.4 x 42.9 cm.) Smithsonian American Art Museum Teodoro Vidal Collection 1996.91.8 Smithsonian American Art Museum
Luce Foundation Center, 3rd Floor, 21B



Luce Center Label

Devotion to the Virgin is an important element of Puerto Rican Catholicism. The Madonna is venerated in many guises, each with its own iconography. According to Spanish legend, the apostle James, patron saint of Spain, saw a vision of the Virgin Mary one night while he was praying on the banks of the Ebro at Saragoza. Mary asked for a church to be built on that spot. The church, Santa Maria la Mayor, was erected along with a statue of the Virgin mounted on a marble pillar. By 1456, the term Virgen del Pilar was so common among Catholics that Pope Calixtus III confirmed the name by papal decree. (Yvonne Lange, "Santos: The Household Wooden Saints of Puerto Rico," PhD diss., 1975)

Keywords

Architecture - detail - column

Religion - angel

Religion - New Testament - Christ

Religion - New Testament - Mary

painting

paint - oil

fabric - canvas

wood

About José Campeche y Jordán

Born: San Juan, Puerto Rico 1751 Died: San Juan, Puerto Rico 1809

More works in the collection by
José Campeche y Jordán