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Filling Cartridges at the United States Arsenal at Watertown, Massachusetts, from Harper's Weekly, July 20, 1861

1861 Winslow Homer Born: Boston, Massachusetts 1836 Died: Prout's Neck, Maine 1910 wood engraving on paper image: 11 x 9 1/4 in. (27.9 x 23.5 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum The Ray Austrian Collection, Gift of Beatrice L. Austrian, Caryl A. Austrian and James A. Austrian 1996.63.15 Not currently on view


Exhibition Label

Mass-production techniques pioneered at the United States' armories allowed the Union to fabricate weapons in unprecedented quantities during the Civil War. The yearly production of small arms expanded from thirty thousand at the start of the war to more than seven hundred thousand at its conclusion. It is estimated that 620,000 men died in the Civil War. Firearms cannot be awarded full credit for these casualties---disease and infection were the most efficient killers---but they were the instruments of a military machine that Americans fueled with their hatreds.

The Great American Hall of Wonders, 2011

Keywords

Architecture Interior - military - armory

Figure group

History - United States - Civil War

Landscape - Massachusetts - Watertown

Object - weapon - gun

graphic arts - print

paper

wood engraving

About Winslow Homer

Born: Boston, Massachusetts 1836 Died: Prout's Neck, Maine 1910

More works in the collection by
Winslow Homer