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New England Factory Life--"Bell-Time", from Harper's Weekly, July 25,1868

1868 Winslow Homer Born: Boston, Massachusetts 1836 Died: Prout's Neck, Maine 1910 wood engraving on paper image: 9 1/4 x 14 in. (23.5 x 35.6 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum The Ray Austrian Collection, gift of Beatrice L. Austrian, Caryl A. Austrian and James A. Austrian 1996.63.69 Not currently on view


Exhibition Label

In 1868, Winslow Homer took up the subject of people who worked in textile mills. Mill operatives’ activities were organized by bells that rang throughout the day. Before mid-century, Americans viewed factories as places where respectable folk—mostly women—could earn a decent income and make a contribution to the nation’s industrial transformation. By the time Homer created his picture, native-born farmwives and their daughters had long been absent from the mills. Recent immigrants and the desperately poor replaced them at the looms, the only takers for work that offered the barest sustenance.

The Great American Hall of Wonders, 2011



Keywords

Architecture Exterior - industry - factory

Figure(s) in exterior - industry

Landscape - New England

Occupation - industry - manufacturing

graphic arts - print

paper

wood engraving

About Winslow Homer

Born: Boston, Massachusetts 1836 Died: Prout's Neck, Maine 1910

More works in the collection by
Winslow Homer