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General John Cadwalader

ca. 1788 Charles Willson Peale Born: Maryland 1741 Died: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1827 watercolor on ivory sight 1 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 1/4 in. (3.9 x 3.2 x 0.5 cm) oval Smithsonian American Art Museum Bequest of Mary Elizabeth Spencer 1999.27.30 Not currently on view


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During the Revolutionary War, General John Cadwalader (1742-1786) commanded troops at the battles of Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, and Princeton. He was much admired by his close friend General George Washington, who referred to him as "a military genius." Washington offered Cadwalader the position of Continental brigadier general, but his friend declined, preferring to become a state legislator in Maryland after the war. When Charles Willson Peale painted Cadwalader's likeness, it was intended to ornament a woman's bracelet, and in fact the original fittings for an ornamental band---similar to today's watchbands---are visible along the sides of the miniature's case.

Keywords

Occupation - military - general

Portrait male - Cadwalader, John - bust

painting - miniature

paint - watercolor

ivory

About Charles Willson Peale

Born: Maryland 1741 Died: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1827

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Charles Willson Peale