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Major-General Anthony Wayne

ca. 1795 James Peale Born: Chestertown, Maryland 1749 Died: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1831 watercolor on ivory image (oval): 1 3/4 x 1 3/8 in. (4.5 x 3.4 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Bequest of Mary Elizabeth Spencer 1999.27.41 Not currently on view


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“Mad Anthony” Wayne (1745-1796) was one of the most colorful figures of the American Revolution. His early training as a surveyor came in handy as he guided his troops during the Valley Forge campaign. Following the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown, Washington sent Wayne into South Carolina to chase the British out, after which he was promoted to major general. He returned home in 1783 and reentered the Pennsylvania legislature, where he had served until 1775. When Washington appointed him commander in chief of the United States Army, Wayne turned to fighting Indian tribes along the Great Lakes, finally achieving peace with the Treaty of Greenville in 1795 before retiring from military service. He chose to be depicted in this miniature in his uniform at the rank of major general, probably as he reentered the legislature.

Keywords

Dress - uniform - military uniform

Occupation - military - general

Portrait male - Wayne, Anthony - bust

painting - miniature

paint - watercolor

ivory

About James Peale

Born: Chestertown, Maryland 1749 Died: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1831

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James Peale