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Lay-lóo-ah-pee-ái-shee-kaw, Grass, Bush, and Blossom, Semicivilized

1830 George Catlin Born: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 1796 Died: Jersey City, New Jersey 1872 oil on canvas 29 x 24 in. (73.7 x 60.9 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr. 1985.66.281 Not currently on view

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George Catlin probably painted this portrait of Grass, Bush, and Blossom, a member of the Shawnee tribe, at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, in 1830. The artist described the Shawnee at the time of this portrait: “Remains of a numerous tribe, formerly inhabiting part of Pennsylvania, afterwards Ohio, and recently removed west of the Mississippi River. Number at present about 1200.” (Catlin, 1848 Catalogue, Catlin’s Indian Gallery, SAAM online exhibition)


Ethnic - Indian - Shawnee

Portrait male - Lay-loo-ah-pee-ai-shee-kaw - bust


paint - oil

fabric - canvas

metal - aluminum - support added