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Eeh-tow-wées-ka-zeet, He Who Has Eyes Behind Him (also known as Broken Arm), a Foremost Brave

1832 George Catlin Born: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 1796 Died: Jersey City, New Jersey 1872 oil on canvas 29 x 24 in. (73.7 x 60.9 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr. 1985.66.176 Not currently on view

Luce Center Label

George Catlin may have painted Broken Arm, a member of the Plains Cree tribe, in St. Louis, at the same time the Light passed through the city on his way to Washington (see 1985.66.474). Broken Arm wears over his temples a pair of “hair pipes,” Bahamian conch shell ornaments distributed in the 1830s by white traders on the Upper Missouri. (Truettner, The Natural Man Observed, 1979)


Ethnic - Indian

Ethnic - Indian - Cree

Portrait male - He Who Has Eyes Behind Him


paint - oil

fabric - canvas

metal - aluminum - support added