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Tcha-tó-ga, Mad Buffalo, Murderer of Two White Men

1834 George Catlin Born: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 1796 Died: Jersey City, New Jersey 1872 oil on canvas 29 x 24 in. (73.7 x 60.9 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr. 1985.66.41 Not currently on view

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According to George Catlin, Mad Buffalo, a member of the Osage tribe, “was tried and convicted for the murder of two white men during Adams's administration, and was afterwards pardoned, and still lives, though in disgrace in his tribe, as one whose life has been forfeited.” Catlin painted this portrait at Fort Gibson (in present-day Oklahoma) in 1834. (Catlin, Letters and Notes, vol. 2, no. 38, 1841; reprint 1973)


Ethnic - Indian - Osage

Portrait male - Mad Buffalo - waist length


paint - oil

fabric - canvas

metal - aluminum - support added