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Tchón-su-móns-ka, Sand Bar, Wife of the Trader François Chardon

1832 George Catlin Born: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 1796 Died: Jersey City, New Jersey 1872 oil on canvas 29 x 24 in. (73.7 x 60.9 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr. 1985.66.89 Not currently on view

Luce Center Label

George Catlin described Sand Bar as “very richly dressed, the upper part of her garment being almost literally covered with brass buttons; and her hair, which was inimitably beautiful and soft, and glossy as silk, fell over her shoulders in great profusion, and in beautiful waves, produced by the condition in which it is generally kept in braids, giving to it, when combed out, a waving form, adding much to its native appearance, which is invariably straight and graceless . . . This woman is at present the wife of a white man by the name of Chardon, a Frenchman, who has been many years in the employment of the American Fur Company, in the character of a Trader and Interpreter.” Catlin painted this portrait at Fort Pierre (in present-day South Dakota) in 1832. (Catlin, Letters and Notes , vol. 1, no. 27, 1841; reprint 1973)


Ethnic - Indian - Dakota

Ethnic - Indian - Sioux

Portrait female - Chardon, Francois, Mrs.

Portrait female - Sand Bar

Portrait female - Sand Bar - bust


paint - oil

fabric - canvas

metal - aluminum - support added