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Sioux Indian Council, Chiefs in Profound Deliberation

1832-1837 George Catlin Born: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 1796 Died: Jersey City, New Jersey 1872 oil on canvas 19 1/2 x 27 1/2 in. (49.7 x 70.0 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr. 1985.66.495 Not currently on view

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“These people have no written laws, nor others, save the penalties affixed to certain crimes, by long-standing custom, or by the decisions of the chiefs in council, who form a sort of Court and Congress too, for the investigation of crimes, and transaction of the public business.” (Catlin, Letters and Notes, vol. 2, no. 58, 1841; reprint 1973)


Ceremony - Indian - council

Ethnic - Indian - Sioux

Figure group

Landscape - plain


paint - oil

fabric - canvas

metal - aluminum - support added