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Sioux Worshiping at the Red Boulders

1837-1839 George Catlin Born: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 1796 Died: Jersey City, New Jersey 1872 oil on canvas 19 5/8 x 27 1/2 in. (49.7 x 70.0 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr. 1985.66.470 Not currently on view

Luce Center Label

“A large boulder and two small ones, bearing some resemblance to a buffalo cow and two calves, painted red by the Indians, and regarded by them with superstitious reverence, near the ‘Coteau des Prairies.’” George Catlin probably sketched this scene on his journey to the Pipestone Quarry (in today’s Minnesota) in 1836. (Catlin, 1848 Catalogue, Catlin’s Indian Gallery, SAAM online exhibition)


Ceremony - Indian

Ceremony - religion

Ethnic - Indian - Dakota

Ethnic - Indian - Sioux

Figure group



paint - oil

fabric - canvas

metal - aluminum