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Há-tchoo-túc-knee, Snapping Turtle, a Half-breed

1834 George Catlin Born: Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 1796 Died: Jersey City, New Jersey 1872 oil on canvas 29 x 24 in. (73.7 x 60.9 cm) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr. 1985.66.296 Smithsonian American Art Museum
2nd Floor, South Wing

Exhibition Label

Like the Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw, and Seminole, the Choctaw were farmers, plantation owners, and educated professionals. Snapping Turtle, also known as Peter Pitchlynn, was a graduate of the University of Nashville and George Catlin’s source for “much curious and valuable information, of the history and traditions of his tribe.” Catlin painted his portrait at Fort Gibson, Arkansas Territory, in 1834.


Ethnic - Indian - Choctaw

Portrait male - Snapping Turtle


paint - oil

fabric - canvas

metal - aluminum - support added