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United States Silver Dollar Coin (reverse)

1921 Anthony de Francisci Born: Palermo, Italy 1887 Died: New York, New York 1964 silver 1 1/2 in. (3.9 cm) diam. Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Mrs. Anthony de Francisci 1966.51.80 Not currently on view


Luce Center Label

This silver dollar commemorates the end of World War I and the international conference on limitation of armaments. The United States Commission of Fine Arts, established by Congress in 1910, selected Anthony de Francisci’s design for the coin. The original design for the reverse showed the eagle grasping a broken sword, but many Americans saw this as a symbol of defeat and protested the image. With no time to make new models, United States Mint engraver George Morgan, working under de Francisci’s supervision, cut the sword from the steel hub and crafted olive leaves from the remains. The work took a full day to complete and the change went undetected for eighty years.

Keywords

Allegory - place - America

Animal - bird - eagle

sculpture - medal

metal - silver

relief

About Anthony de Francisci

Born: Palermo, Italy 1887 Died: New York, New York 1964

More works in the collection by
Anthony de Francisci