"Industry, self-denial, and temperance are the laws of prosperity for men and states; without them advance in the arts and in wealth means only corruption and decay through luxury and vice. With them progress in the arts and increasing wealth are the prime conditions of an advancing civilization which is sound enough to endure.--William Graham Sumner on the conditions of prosperity and progress. From the series Great Ideas of Western Man.
1955 Joseph Gering Born: Wheeling, West Virginia 1914 Died: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1990 mixed media: oil, nails, and string on wood 14 9/16 x 11 1/16 in. (37.0 x 28.2 cm.) Smithsonian American Art Museum Gift of Container Corporation of America 1984.124.102 Not currently on view