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Classroom Activities

National History Day 2006–2007

Suggested History Topics, Keywords, and Search Returns

For the theme of "Triumph and Tragedy," suggested history topics, keywords, and search returns are listed below. You may also view a list of topics, keywords, and search returns from 2004 or 2005.

Search for images using the keyword "triumph" or "allegory."

  • Nike, 1964, Kenneth Campbell, 1986.6.13A-B

  • "Winged Victory, modeled 1921, Daniel Chester French, 1973.166

  • Victory, n.d., James Daugherty, 1990.5.2


Search for images using the word "defeat," "fear," or "injustice."

  • Sweet Medicine: Council Grounds of the Great Treaty at Horse Creek, Nebraska, 1987, printed 1989, Drex Brooks, 1991.21.1

  • Shapes of Fear, 1930-1932, Maynard Dixon, 1956.10.1

  • Kultur, ca. 1940, Aaron J. Goodelman, 1981.44.1


Search for images using the word "exploration."

  • A View of the Men of War on Discovery to Greenland..., 1822, William Frankland, 1988.47.1

  • Commodore Peary and Henson at the North Pole, ca. 1945, William H. Johnson, 1983.95.54

  • Coronado's Exploration Party in the Palo Duro Canyon (Mural Study, Amarillo, Texas Post Office), ca. 1941, Julius Woeltz, 1965.18.54


Search for images using the word "military," "soldier," or "battlefield."

  • Assembly Line, ca. 1940, Jolan Gross Bettelheim, 1973.185.2

  • Battle Between Sioux and Sac and Fox, 1846-1848, George Catlin, 1985.66.545

  • The Battle at Bunker's Hill near Boston, n.d., John Trumbull, 1990.5.6

Post War

Search for images using the word "military," "wound," or "soldier."

  • Fifty Years after the Battle, Fifth New York Volunteer Infantry--First Duryee Zouaves, Known as the "Fighting Fifth," 1912, Walter Beck, 1923.5.10

  • Hero, ca. 1939-1940, Joseph Hirsch, 1971.447.36

  • Private John Bar, Recovery after a Penetrating Wound of the Abdomen with Fracture of the Left Os Innominatum, from the Photographic Catalogue of the Surgical Section, 1865, William Bell, 1994.91.19

Civil Rights

Search for images using the words "civil rights movement," or "black history."

  • April 4, 1969, Sam Gilliam, 1973.115

  • Farm Workers' Altar, 1967, Emanuel Martinez, 1992.95

  • The Soprano at the Mourning Easter Wake of 1968, 1968, Daniel Pressley, 1997.124.78

Modern Marvels

Search for images using the word "architecture," "industry," or "construction."

  • Construction of the Dam (study for mural, the Department of the Interior, Washington, D. C.), 1938, William Gropper, 1965.18.11A-C

  • T. R. in Panama, 1939, Edward Laning, 1984.148

  • Golden Gate Bridge, 1934, Ray Strong, 1965.18.50


Search for images using the word "mine," "mill," or "labor history."

  • Mine Rescue (mural study for Kellogg, Idaho Post Office), 1939, Fletcher Martin, 1974.28.315

  • Days without End, ca. 1937, Frank Cassara, 1964.1.216

  • Orphan in Doorway: a Child Laborer in a Mill, ca. 1910, printed later, Lewis W. Hine, 1994.91.82


Search for images using the word "liberty," or "political."

  • Liberty, ca. 1884, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, XX76

  • The Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as President, from Harper's Weekly, March 4, 1861, 1861, Attributed to Winslow Homer, 1996.63.112

  • "Liberty does not consist in mere general declarations of the rights of men. It consists in the translation of those declarations into definite action."--Woodrow Wilson, Address, Independence Hall, July 4, 1914. From the series Great Ideas of Western Man., 1956, Robert Andrew Parker, 1984.124.234


Search for images using the word "disaster," or "fire."

  • Prayer for Rain, 1938, James E. Allen, 1972.74.24

  • Prairie Meadows Burning, 1832, George Catlin, 1985.66.374

  • Mount St. Helens Area, Washington, 1980, Emmet Gowin, 1983.63.635

For a list of keywords that we use to index our collection, see the Subject Term Manual (PDF file, 148K).

Pictured: Stow Wengenroth, Old North Church, 1976, lithograph, 15 3/4 x 11 5/8 in., Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bequest of Frank McClure