Industry

industry gallery

American industry was the envy of the world in the years before the depression. Ford Motor Company mass produced cars and U.S. Steel had 225,000 full time employees. But by 1933 layoffs affected everyone, and there was a domino effect that hit railroads, coal mining, and even logging.

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Jara Henry Valenta, born Czechoslovakia 1899
East River
1934
oil on canvas
23 x 32 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the U.S. Department of Labor
1964.1.21

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Ray Strong, born Corvallis, OR 1905–died Three Rivers, CA 2006
Golden Gate Bridge
1934
oil on canvas
44 1/8 x 71 3/4 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service
1965.18.50

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Harry Gottlieb, born Bucharest, Romania 1895–died New York City 1992
Industrial Plant
1937
serigraph on paper
13 x 16 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase
1980.17.2

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Elizabeth Olds, born Minneapolis, MN 1896–died Sarasota, FL 1991
Pittsburgh
about 1935–1940
lithograph on paper
11 3/4 x 16 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase
1982.15

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E. Dewey Albinson, born Minneapolis, MN 1898–died Mexico 1971
Northern Minnesota Mine
1934
oil on canvas
40 x 50 1/8 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the U.S. Department of Labor
1964.1.49

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Reginald Marsh, born Paris, France 1898–died Dorset, VT 1954
Locomotives, Jersey City
1934
oil on canvas mounted on fiberboard
36 1/8 x 48 1/4 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bequest of Felicia Meyer Marsh
1979.127.1

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Austin Mecklem, born Colfax, WA 1894–died Kingston, NY 1951
Engine House and Bunkers
1934
oil on canvas
38 x 50 1/4 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the U.S. Department of Labor
1964.1.46

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Karl Fortess, born Antwerp, Belgium 1907–died Woodstock, NY 1993
Island Dock Yard
1934
oil on canvas
32 1/4 x 48 1/8 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the U.S. Department of Labor
1964.1.94

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Raymond White Skolfield, born Portland, ME 1909–died Freeport, ME 1996
Natural Power
1934
oil on canvas
34 1/8 x 36 1/8 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the U.S. Department of Labor
1964.1.47

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Paul Kelpe, born Minden, Germany 1902–died Austin, TX 1985
Machinery (Abstract #2)
about 1934
oil on canvas
38 1/4 x 26 3/8 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the U.S. Department of Labor
1964.1.27

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Franz Kline, born Wilkes-Barre, PA 1910–died New York City 1962
Palmerton, Pa.
1941
oil on canvas
21 x 27 1/8 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum purchase
1980.52

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Reginald Marsh, born Paris, France 1898–died Dorset, VT 1954
Atlantic Liner in Harbor with Tug (mural study, U.S. Customs House, New York, New York)
1937
tempera on fiberboard
17 7/8 x 23 7/8 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service
1965.18.102

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Max Arthur Cohn, born London, England 1903–died New York City 1998
Coal Tower
about 1934
oil on canvas
22 1/8 x 28 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Transfer from the U.S. Department of Labor
1964.1.4