Jú-ah-kís-gaw, Woman with Her Child in a Cradle, 1835
29 x 24 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.
In 1835, after his visit to Oklahoma, Catlin journeyed up the Mississippi by steamer from New Orleans to Fort Snelling, Minnesota, bringing his wife Clara on a western "tour" for the first and only time. Tribes of the Upper Mississippi and Great Lakes region such as the Ojibwe had been increasingly jostled by European traders, war, and U.S. expansion since the eighteenth century. Well before Catlin's arrival, they had incorporated woven cloth and elaborate beadwork into their dress.