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Index

The Art of the American Daguerreotype

 advertising, daguerreotype used for, 22
aesthetics of the daguerreotype,18–19, 21, 23–24, 26, 27, 212–13, 214, 217, 297, 304
Allston, Washington, 17, 26, 316
America popularity of daguerreotype in, 16, 18, 25, 211, 239, 251, 267, 271; social and economic conditions in, 20–21, 24–25, 217–19
American daguerreotypists, 215, 251, 267–68, 314; compared to European, 267–69, 274–75
American Indians, daguerreotypes of, 274
"American Process," 19, 217
anonymity of daguerreotypists, 18
Anthony, Edward, 215, 238
Apothecary (Unidentified Artist), 67
Arago, Dominique François Jean, 227
art, daguerreotype as, 16, 17, 21–22, 24, 211–13, 214, 217, 223, 226, 228–29, 242–45, 255–57, 265–67, 272–73, 278–81, 284, 297–300, 301–5
artists influenced by the daguerreotype, 230, 314–15; use of daguerreotype as preparatory sketch, 17, 21, 224, 228, 244, 266,287; see also painters Aunt Susan (Mrs. George W. Heath) (Unidentified Artist), 112
awards in daguerreotypy, 215, 267, 275, 317

 Barn (Unidentified Artist), 206
Bayard Taylor (Southworth and Hawes), 49
Becquerel, Edmond, 215
Beechey, William, 214
Big Mound during Destruction (Thomas M. Easterly, 1809–1882), 130
Boy and Dog Lying on Floor (Unidentified Artist), 98
Boy in Blue Jacket (Jesse H. Whitehurst, 1820–1875), 95
Boy Leaning against Bookcase (Unidentified Artist), 222
Boy with Hat Leaning on a Pedestal (Gurney), 42
Brady, Mathew (1823-1896), 27, 215, 270, 311–13
The Buckeye Triplets (Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Raymond) (John Plumbe, Jr., 1809–1857), 93
buildings, daguerreotypes of, 20, 25 Burnet, John, 24

 California, daguerreotyping in, 18, 218, 260–61, 276–78
California Mining Cemetery (Unidentified Artist), 148
calotype, 244
cameo daguerreotype, 270
camera obscura, 16, 24, 225, 229, 290
The Camera and the Pencil (Marcus Aurelius Root), 211, 214, 215, 216
cameras, 20, 234, 269, 292, 316
Carvalho, Solomon, 218
Catalogue of Daguerreotype Panoramic Views in California (Vance), 218
The "Champion of the Seas," East Boston (Southworth and Hawes), 203
Chatham Square, New York (attributed to William Lewis [1791–1879] and William Henry Lewis [1817–1879] and/o rRichard A. Lewis [1820–1891]),65
chemicals, 227, 245–50, 269
Cheney, John, 316
Child with Toy Dog (Unidentified Artist), 99
Church (UnidentifiedArtist), 55
Civil War, 219
Cole, Thomas, 26
color, 19, 215–17, 228–29, 237–38, 242; see also Hillotype Cornelius, Robert, 20
Couple (Unidentified Artist), 41
Couple (a Folk Painting) (Unidentified Artist), 184
Crawford's Notch (House) (Samuel Bemis, 1789–1881), 142–43
crayon daguerreotype, 270
Crystal Palace exhibition (1853), 215, 275

 Daguerre, Louis-Jacques-Mandé 16, 24, 224, 227, 228, 232, 290, 312
Daguerreotype Studio and Stable (Unidentified Artist), 59
Daguerreotypist (Unidentified Artist), 37
Daniel Webster (Southworth and Hawes), 201
deceased persons, daguerreotypes of, 308–9
Dictionary of the Photographic Art, 268
Discourses on Art (Reynolds), 214
Double Portrait (William Southgate Porter, 1822–1889), 94
Draper,John William, 20, 215, 312
Dr. J. H. Van Denian (Unidentified Artist), 154
Dying Boy with Toys (Unidentified Artist), 106

 economic aspects of the daguerreotype, 211, 239–40, 269, 292, 313
Editor (Unidentified Artist), 69
Edward James Roye, Fifth President of Liberia (Unidentified Artist), 79
electroplating, 19, 293
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 22–23, 24, 25
Emily Dickinson (Unidentified Artist), 75
Engineering Camp, Copiapo, Chile (Unidentified Artist), 145
engraving, 227, 230, 293; compared to daguerreotypy, 226
European daguerreotypists, 267–69, 274–75
Excelsior Building, San Francisco (Vance), 63
exhibitions, 215, 270–71, 275, 276, 292, 298, 313
experimentation, 211

 Falls of Minnehaha (Unidentified Artist), 136
Family Group (Unidentified Artist), 89
Family Looking at Portrait of Deceased Father (Unidentified Artist), 110
Firehouse in Norristown, Pennsylvania (William Stroud, active 1840s–50s), 60–61
Fitz, Henry, Jr. (1808–1863), 20
Fitzgibbon, John H. (1816?–1882), 215, 218
Frederick A. Douglass (Unidentified Artist), 74Frémont, John C., 218, 273–74

 George James Webb, Mrs. Webb and Daughters Mary Isabella and Caroline Elizabeth Webb (Unidentified Artist), 100–1
Gouraud, François Fauvel, 232–33, 290
Gurney, Jeremiah (1812–after 1886), 215, 216, 218, 237

 Harrison, Gabriel (1818–1902), 214–15, 275
Hat on Chair/Portrait of Man in a Hat (Unidentified Artist), 162–63
Hawes, Josiah Johnson (1808–1901), 21, 212, 215, 293, 315–17
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, 25–26
Henry Winthrop Sargentand Family (Whipple), 194
Henry Ward Beecher (Gardner K. Warren, active 1840s), 177
Herschel, John, 16, 17
Hesler,Alexander (1823–1895), 23
Hill, Levi L., 215–17, 242, 251, 259–60
Hillotype, 215–17, 242, 245–50, 252–54, 257–60, 284–85
Hone, Philip, 212
House Painter (Unidentified Artist), 124
Humphrey, Samuel D., 237, 258
Humphrey's Journal, 21, 258
Hutchinson Family Singers (Unidentified Artist), 80–81

 inventions see technology inventors, 16–17, 24, 25, 223, 224, 251, 259, 267–70, 315–16; see also patents ivory daguerreotype, 270

 Jail on Auburn Street, Newburyport (Perkins), 117
Johnson, John, 18, 291
Jones, J. Wesley, 218–19, 276–77

 Kno-Shr, Kansas Chief (Fitzgibbon), 77
Koplin & Richards Boot & Shoe Manufactory (Unidentified Artist), 58

 Latchmaker (Unidentified Artist), 66
Lawrence, Martin, 215, 237, 275 legal uses of the daguerreotype, 294–95
Lemuel Shaw (Southworth and Hawes), 51
Lepidopterist (Unidentified Artist), 155
light, 226–27, 235, 303–8
Little Blue Girl (Marcus Aurelius Root), 84
Lola Montez (Southworth and Hawes), 191
lost plates, 218

 Machinist's Apprentice with File and Gear (Unidentified Artist), 72
Male Portrait Bust (Unidentified Artist), 175
Man with Letters (J. K.Andrus, active 1850s), 210
Man with a Crooked Cane (Unidentified Artist), 161
Man and Hunting Dog (Unidentified Artist), 153
Mary Peake (Unidentified Artist), 78
Marysville, California, Flood (Unidentified Artist), 146
Masked Woman (Unidentified Artist), 189
McKay's Shipyard, East Boston (Southworth and Hawes), 132–33
Mechanical Loom (Unidentified Artist), 164
Men in Trees (Unidentified Artist), 125
Merino Sheep (Unidentified Artist), 159
microscopic images, daguerreotypes of, 215, 262–63
Miner with Pick and Pistol (Unidentified Artist), 152
Miners in a Clearing (Unidentified Artist), 151
Mining and Assorted Activity on the American River, near Sacramento (George H. Johnson, ca. 1823–1879), 128–29
modernism, 26, 217
The Moon, 6 August 1851 (Whipple), 141
moon, daguerreotypes of, 18, 227, 236–37, 293 Morse, Samuel F. B., 16, 17, 20, 212, 214, 215, 290–91, 312
Mother and Son (Unidentified Artist), 43
Mrs. Edward Cooper and Son Peter (Pierre) Who Died (Gurney), 83
Myers & Co. Confectioners (James Presley Ball, 1825–ca. 1904), 57

 National Photographic Association, 212, 213–14, 289, 298, 300, 305
nature and the daguerreotype, 17–18, 21, 23, 25,212, 213, 214, 224, 294–95
New England Town Scene (Unidentified Artist), 122
New York, daguerreotypists in, 18, 27, 211, 237–40, 268, 291
Niagara Falls (Platt D. Babbitt, active 1855–78), 126–27
Niépce, Joseph Nicéphore, 16, 215, 312
Nude (Unidentified Artist), 171
Nude Child on Table (Unidentified Artist), 96

 occupational subjects, 22
Old Man with Fly (Unidentified Artist), 174
Old Patent Office Building (John Plumbe, Jr., 1809–1857), 209

 Page, William, 312
Painted Portrait of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart (Southworth and Hawes,) 185
Painted Portrait of a Woman/ Man Looking at Painted Portrait of a Woman (Unidentified Artist), 108–9
Painter (Unidentified Artist),168
Painter and Backdrop (Russell A. Miller, active Lowell, Mass., 1853–55; Boston, 1863–73), 102
painters, 19, 21, 22, 214, 230, 266, 288 painting, 316; compared to daguerreotypy, 19, 21, 213, 229, 278, 284, 286–88, 298, 302
Painting of "The Greek Slave" with Figures in Oriental Dress (Unidentified Artist), 170
"The Pantoscope of California" (Jones), 219
paper, 244–45
Paris, France, daguerreotypes of, 226, 230–31, 233
Pastoral Scene (Unidentified Artist), 64
patents, 22, 293
Payne's Oyster Saloon (Unidentified Artist), 56
Peale, Rembrandt, 213, 214
Pennell, Joseph, 291–92, 293
Perkins, Henry Coit (1804–1873), 20, 24–25
philosophy, 19th century, and the daguerreotype, 23–24, 25, 26
Photographic Art-Journal, 21, 268
Plaster Mask of Nancy Southworth Hawes (Southworth and Hawes), 178
Plymouth and Kingston Express Wagon (Unidentified Artist), 121
Poe, Edgar Allan, 26, 313
popular culture and the daguerreotype, 22
Portrait of Albert Pritchard Root Asleep by the Flag (Marcus Aurelius Root), 107
Portrait of Anthony Pritchard (Marcus Aurelius Root), 39
Portrait of a Man (possible Self-Portrait) (Fitz), 32
Portrait of a Man in Top Hat (Unidentified Artist), 48
Portrait of Martha Pickman Rogers in her Wedding Gown (Unidentified Artist), 188
Portrait of Tsow Chaoong (Unidentified Artist), 199
Portrait of Two Women (Unidentified Artist), 87
portrait studios, 18, 22, 211, 238, 239–40
portraiture, 20, 21, 23, 27, 213, 232, 233–35, 238–39, 256–57, 264–66, 281–83, 285–88, 305–8, 310–11, 315; attire of subjects, 233–35, 281–83
(Possible) View of the Diggings at Timbuctoo (with Horse on Ridge) (Unidentified Artist), 131
Post-Mortem (Three Brothers) (Unidentified Artist), 113
Post Mortem (Unidentified Artist), 111
President of Fraternal Order (Charles H. Fontayne [1814–1858] and William Southgate Porter [1822–1889]), 167
presidents, daguerreotypes of, 313
Preston's Livery Stable, Yuba, California (Unidentified Artist), 147
process see techniques profession, daguerreotypy as a, 241, 251–52, 256, 271–73, 278, 280–81, 290, 296–300, 301–5
"The Prophetic Pictures" (Hawthorne), 26
The Proposal (Unidentified Artist), 40

 Racing Sulky (Unidentified Artist), 120
Railroad Trestle across Cahokia Creek (Thomas M. Easterly, 1809–1882), 149
reactions to the daguerreotype, 15–16, 17, 21, 27, 211–19, 223–25, 230–32, 240–41, 268
Renwick, James, 215
reproducibility of the daguerreotype, 19, 26, 223
Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 214
Romanticism, 25–26
Root, Marcus Aurelius (1808–1888), 22, 211, 214, 215, 216, 253
Root, Samuel, 216, 237
Rose Garden (Unidentified Artist), 123
Ruskin, John, 17, 214

 San Francisco Wharf (The Sanford Building) (Unidentified Artist), 204–5
Samuel Morse's daguerreotype camera, frontispiece Saxton, Joseph, 20
science daguerreotype as, 16, 20, 21, 215, 217, 223, 227–28, 230, 241, 243, 279, 295–96; see also technology sculpture, compared to daguerreotypy, 283–84, 298, 302
Seated Woman with Gloves (Unidentified Artist), 187
Self-Portrait (Frederick Langenheim, 1809–1897), 103
Self-Portrait (Fitz), 38
Self-Portrait with Brother (Whipple), 140
Seneca Falls, New York (downstream) (Unidentified Artist), 134
Seneca Falls, New York (upstream) (Unidentified Artist), 135
Shell Cenotaph (Unidentified Artist), 165
Ship (Unidentified Artist), 54
Sisters (Unidentified Artist), 92
The Sitgreaves Expedition (William C. Mayhew, active ca. 1844), 150
Six Women (Unidentified Artist), 90
Sleeping Baby (Jesse H. Whitehurst, 1820–1875), 97
Southworth, Albert Sands (1811–1894), 19, 21, 22, 212, 213–14, 316
The Staff of the Express (Unidentified Artist), 91
The St. Anthony Falls (Unidentified Artist), 137
steam technique, 261
stereoscopic pictures, 271, 287–88, 293, 316–17
Still Life with Pumpkin, Book, and Sweet Potato (Unidentified Artist), 160
Stuart, Gilbert, 316
subjects of the daguerreotype, 18, 20–21, 22, 23, 25, 215, 217–19, 224, 226, 230–32, 233, 236–37, 254–55, 260–61, 271, 273–74, 293, 308–9; asposed images, 18, 20, 23; see also portraiture sun, daguerreotypes of, 254–55, 292–93
Surveyor (Unidentified Artist),71
Susan Helen DeKroyft (Unidentified Artist), 192

 Talbot, William Henry Fox, 224, 227, 244
techniques, 22, 25, 211, 227, 233–35, 236, 242, 244, 245–50, 254–57, 269, 273–74, 278–79, 306–9; see also steam technique; microscopic images technology, 17, 22, 215, 269, 289, 292, 293, 294, 295; proliferation of, 18, 19–20, 22; see also "American Process"
Telegrapher (Unidentified Artist), 70
telescopes, 17, 18, 292
Thomas Eakins and His Sister Frances Eakins (Unidentified Artist), 105
Thoreau, Henry David, 24
Three Ladies Reading (Southworth and Hawes), 183
Three Men and a Document (Brady), 193
Three-part Study of Hiram Powers' "The Greek Slave" (attributed to D.C. Collins, active 1845–57), 172–73
Three Sisters (Unidentified Artist), 82
tinting see color Titcomb Street Church, Newburyport (Perkins), 116
Transcendentalism, 24, 25
"The Transcendentalist" (Emerson), 25
Treatise on Painting (Burnet), 24
Two Blacksmiths (Unidentified Artist), 73
Two Bulls (Unidentified Artist), 158
types of the daguerreotype, 270

 Uncle George and Gus (Unidentified Artist), 86
Unidentified Portrait (Unidentified Artist), 186
United States Capitol (John Plumbe, Jr., 1809–1857), 208
"The Use of the Camera" (Southworth), 212, 214
uses of the daguerreotype, 17, 21–22, 212, 225, 228, 244, 264–67, 270, 294–95

 Vance, Robert H. (1825–1876), 218
viewer, relationship to, 23–24, 27
View of Newburyport Looking Northward from Harris Street Church (Perkins), 52–53
View of Bangor, Maine (Unidentified Artist), 119
View of Church and Country Inn in the Snow, Possibly New England (Unidentified Artist), 118
View of King's Chapel Burying Ground, Boston (Samuel Bemis, 1789–1881), 114–15
Village and Landscape (Unidentified Artist), 144
The Virginia Socket (Unidentified Artist), 197

 Wailuku River, Hilo, Hawaii (Hugo Stangenwald [1829–1899] and Stephen Goodfellow [active 1850s]), 138–39
Watermelon Eaters (Unidentified Artist), 156
Wedgwood, Thomas, 16
Werge, John, 211
the West, daguerreotyping in, 25, 217–19, 223, 273–74
Whipple, John Adams (1822–1891), 215, 216, 254, 270
White House (Unidentified Artist), 207
Whitehurst, Jesse H. (1820–1875), 25
White Poodle (Bell & Clayton, active 1850s), 166
William G. Worrell of Welch's National Circus and Theater (Unidentified Artist), 169
Wolcott, Alexander S., 18, 292
Woman and Child (Gurney), 85
Woman at a Mirror (Hesler), 179
Woman Holding a Sealed Letter (Unidentified Artist), 195
Woman on Chaise Lounge with Bookcase (Unidentified Artist), 196
Woman with Geranium (Unidentified Artist), 198
Woman with Sewing Machine (Unidentified Artist), 68
Woman Writing Letters (Unidentified Artist), 14
Young Boy (Brady), 44
Young Boy with Dead Crane (Unidentified Artist), 104
Young Girl, Hand on Shoulder (Southworth and Hawes), 180
Young Girl with Chair (Rufus Anson, active 1851–67), 45
Young Girl with Hands on Chair (Southworth and Hawes), 47
Young Man with Rooster (Unidentified Artist), 157
 
 

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