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F. Jay Haynes

Castle Geyser Cone, Yellowstone National Park
1884
albumen print
17 1/8 x 21 7/8 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Charles Isaacs

Steaming, spouting geysers in the newly opened territories of the West enhanced the area’s exotic appeal and attracted enough attention that, by 1872, Yellowstone’s thermal zone had become the country’s first national park. Haynes was a studio photographer in the Dakota Territories until he was hired by the Northern Pacific Railroad to take pictures along its route. He later became Yellowstone’s official park photographer.