An Edward Hopper Scrapbook

CAPE COTTAGE (alt. 30, South Portland), 4.7 m. Left is the northern entrance to Fort Williams (open), where the U.S. Fifth Infantry has been stationed since 1922. Organized July 24, 1808, the Fifth is one of the oldest Regular U.S. Army regiments. Its motto is "I'll Try, Sir," words spoken by Colonel James Miller in the battle of Lundy's Lane, July 25, 1814. During the Philippine insurrection it was stationed in the archipelago; in the World War it did guard duty in the Canal Zone and went to Germany with the army of occupation. Within the fortification near the shore is Portland Head Light (1791), the oldest lighthouse on the Maine coast. The white conical tower rises 101 feet above high water. From the hurricane deck of the tower, many of the 222 Casco Bay islands and the Cape Elizabeth shore can be seen. These islands are sometimes called the Calendar Isles because an official English report of 1700 said, "Sd. Bay is covered from storms that come from the sea by a multitude of Islands, great and small, there being (if one may believe report) as many islands as there are Days in a yr."

At Pond Cove (L), 6 m., the shore line cuts in nearly to the outer rocks, flinging spray across the highway in heavy weather.

POND COVE VILLAGE (alt. 100, Cape Elizabeth Town, pop. 2376), 7.3 m., is the center of a large town in which fertile soil is well adapted to the raising of garden truck.

TWO LIGHTS, 11 m. (L), on the rocky point of Cape Elizabeth, is the neighborhood name for a group of cottages, two light towers and a Coast Guard station. There is a light only in the outer tower which is 120 feet high (open). The Coast Guard station, established in 1887, serves the coast from the Kennebec River to Biddeford Pool, with a personnel of only 14 men. A man is constantly on duty in the tower to receive distress signals by telephone, radio, or flares. The white Government buildings stand out sharply against the varied green of the shore foliage and of the ever-changing ocean. This exposed point, which bears the brunt of heavy seas after every storm, attracts scores of people who like to watch the magnificent display of surf as the huge waves batter themselves against the ledges.

Federal Writers Project, Works Progress Administration. American Guide Series: Maine, A Guide "Down East," Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1937, 21.