Bearden, Romare, and Harry Henderson. A History of African-American Artists From 1972 to the Present. New York: Pantheon Books, 1993, 5477. This publication contains the most current biography of Lewis.
Buick, Kirsten P. "The Ideal Works of Edmonia Lewis: Invoking and Inverting Autobiography." American Art 9 (Summer 1995): 519. This article places some of Lewis's ideal works in a cultural context.
Hartigan, Lynda Roscoe. Sharing Traditions: Five Black Artists in Nineteenth-Century American. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press for the National Museum of American Art, 1985, 8598. The section on Lewis illustrates seven of her sculptures in the collection of the Smithsonian American Art Museum (previously called the National Museum of American Art) and this Web site.
May, Stephen. "The Object at Hand." Smithsonian Magazine 27 (September 1996): 16, 18, 20. May discusses the history of Edmonia Lewis and of The Death of Cleopatra; the latter is illustrated.
Perry, Regina A. Free Within Ourselves: African-American Artists in the Collection of the National Museum of American Art. Washington, D.C.: National Museum of American Art, 1992, 13438.
Richardson, Marilyn. "Edmonia Lewis's The Death of Cleopatra." The International Review of African American Art, 12, no. 2 (1995): 3652. Richardson, who is writing a book on Lewis, interprets The Death of Cleopatra in depth.