American artists began making monotypes during the 1880s in Europe and the United States. In Italy Frank Duveneck and the artists in his circle created them on a portable press for their own amusement and taught the process to other artists when they returned to the United States. Artists studying in Paris also began making monotypes as a group activity, experimenting with the process in conjunction with their drawing or printmaking activity. None of them adopted it as a primary medium. Monotypes were made in a spirit of improvisation, a release from the restrictions of academic training.

In the Boston area, Charles Walker and Albion Bicknell made monotypes as an extension of their interest in etching. In contrast to the American artists in Europe, they often began with a sketch that was then translated into more fully realized and larger monotype compositions.

-- Joann Moser

CONTEMPORARY MONOTYPE || EMERGENCE




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