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George Catlin
Tel-maz-há-za, a Warrior of Distinction
1834
oil
29 x 24 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.



Catlin noted of the Creek Indians that there was “certainly no Indian tribe more advanced in the arts and agriculture than they are.” Tel-maz-há-za wears an elaborate calico turban with feather, long necklaces, and a peace medal. The tribe still resides in the area of the old Creek Nation in Oklahoma, where it was relocated by the U.S. government after removal from Georgia and Alabama.