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Sanford Robinson Gifford
Villa Malta, Rome
13 1/4 x 27 3/8 in.
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of William T. Evans

The red-tile roof and yellow-orange masonry walls of the Villa Malta glow against the intense blue Mediterranean sky. Contrasts of light and shade sharpen the building's rectilinear features and its walled garden with evergreens and a palm tree. From his studio, Gifford had an unobstructed view of the villa, which served as the residence of the Prussian Counsel and the center for German artists in Rome.