José de Creeft
Also Known as: Jose de Creeft
Guadalajara, Spain 1884
New York, New York 1982
- Hoosick Falls, New York
José de Creeft, Peter A. Juley & Son Collection, Smithsonian American Art Museum J0001461.
Sculptor. In 1929, after studying in Paris, de Creeft immigrated to the United States from Spain. He popularlized direct stone carving through his female heads and figures; his experiments with hammered lead were also innovative.
Joan Stahl American Artists in Photographic Portraits from the Peter A. Juley & Son Collection (Washington, D.C. and Mineola, New York: National Museum of American Art and Dover Publications, Inc., 1995)
José de Creeft was born in the small Catalan town of Guadalajara in 1884. His family moved to Barcelona, Spain, soon after he was born. When de Creeft was thirteen years old, his father died, and out of necessity the boy was apprenticed to a wood carver who worked in the local churches. The experience in the artist's workshop cemented de Creeft's decision to become an artist. He moved to Paris at the age of twenty-one and entered the Académie Julian, where he worked in a studio adjacent to those of Pablo Picasso and Juan Gris. In 1929 de Creeft immigrated to the United States. His female heads and figures helped to popularize direct stone carving, a skill he developed in the early 1920s that owed no small debt to his boyhood apprenticeship.
National Museum of American Art (CD-ROM) (New York and Washington D.C.: MacMillan Digital in cooperation with the National Museum of American Art, 1996)