Bronze Examination | Lunder Conservation Center Audio Tour

I wanted to learn more about how these sculptures were made and why they look the way they do. In conservation, the first step is to closely examine and analyze the object. For each Paul Manship sculpture, I took photographs with special cameras that can capture materials that fluoresce under ultraviolet radiation. This way, I can detect the presence of many different types of coatings, pigments, and repair materials on the sculptures’ surface. To get a better look inside, I took x-rays of the sculptures to see evidence left behind from the casting process. I also used a tool called the x-ray fluorescence spectrometer, which identifies chemical elements present in the bronze as well as elements that may be responsible for the sculptures’ surface coloration.

Get a glimpse into the examination which reveals how these sculptures were made.