Herbert Bayer, If there be a country which cannot stand any one of these , 1951, paper, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Container Corporation of America, 1984.124.20
If there be a country which cannot stand any one of these tests--a country where knowledge cannot be diffused without perils of mob law and statute law; where speech is not free; where the post office is violated, mail bags opened, and letters tampered with; where public debts and private debts outside of the state are repudiated; where liberty is attacked in the primary institution of social life; where the laborer is not secured in the earnings of his own hand; where suffrage is not free or equal--that country is, in all these respects, not civil, but barbarous; and no advantage of soil, climate, or coast can resist these suicidal mischiefs. From the series Great Ideas.
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sheet: 23 3/4 x 19 1/8 in. (60.3 x 48.5 cm.)
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Smithsonian American Art Museum
Gift of Container Corporation of America
- Portrait male – Emerson, Ralph Waldo
- Occupation – writer – novelist
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