New England Factory Life--"Bell-Time", from Harper's Weekly, July 25,1868

  • Winslow Homer, New England Factory Life--"Bell-Time", from Harper's Weekly, July 25,1868, 1868, Smithsonian American Art Museum, The Ray Austrian Collection, gift of Beatrice L. Austrian, Caryl A. Austrian and James A. Austrian, 1996.63.69

Exhibition Label
In 1868, Winslow Homer took up the subject of people who worked in textile mills. Mill operatives’ activities were organized by bells that rang throughout the day. Before mid-century, Americans viewed factories as places where respectable folk—mostly women—could earn a decent income and make a contribution to the nation’s industrial transformation. By the time Homer created his picture, native-born farmwives and their daughters had long been absent from the mills. Recent immigrants and the desperately poor replaced them at the looms, the only takers for work that offered the barest sustenance.

The Great American Hall of Wonders, 2011



Title
New England Factory Life--"Bell-Time", from Harper's Weekly, July 25,1868
Artists
Date
1868
On View
Not on view.
Dimensions
image: 9 1/4 x 14 in. (23.5 x 35.6 cm)
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

The Ray Austrian Collection, gift of Beatrice L. Austrian, Caryl A. Austrian and James A. Austrian

Classifications
Keywords
  • Figure group
  • Landscape – New England
  • Occupation – industry – manufacturing
  • Architecture Exterior – industry – factory
Object Number
1996.63.69
Palette
Linked Open Data
Linked Open Data URI