"The man who is guided by reason is more free in a state, where he lives under a general system of law, than in solitude, where he is independent."--Benedict Spinoza, Ethics, 1677. From the series Great Ideas of Western Man.

  • Richard Lindner, "The man who is guided by reason is more free in a state, where he lives under a general system of law, than in solitude, where he is independent."--Benedict Spinoza, Ethics, 1677. From the series Great Ideas of Western Man., 1956, oil, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Container Corporation of America, 1984.124.179

Title
"The man who is guided by reason is more free in a state, where he lives under a general system of law, than in solitude, where he is independent."--Benedict Spinoza, Ethics, 1677. From the series Great Ideas of Western Man.
Artists
Date
1956
On View
Not on view.
Dimensions
26 1/8 x 18 in. (66.4 x 45.8 cm)
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Gift of Container Corporation of America

Mediums
Classifications
Keywords
  • Portrait male – Spinoza, Benedict – bust
  • Allegory – arts and sciences – mathematics
  • Occupation – education – philosopher
  • Allegory – arts and sciences – philosophy
Object Number
1984.124.179
Palette
Linked Open Data
Linked Open Data URI