Jacob Kainen moved to New York at a young age and began studying drawing at the Art Students League, the Pratt Institute School of Art, and the New York University School of Architecture.
Born in rural Ohio, Holmes supplemented his training as a scientist with art lessons in Washington, D.C. His career began in 1872 with the government-sponsored Hayden Survey, on which he served as official geologist and artist, traveling through Wyoming and Colorado.
When William Henry Rinehart was a boy, he began carving sculptures from stone found in a quarry on his family’s farm. His father caught William carving a portrait of his mother when he was supposed to have been plowing the fields.
Emily Clayton Bishop enrolled at the Maryland Institute of Art at sixteen. She also attended the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, where she became one of William Merritt Chase’s most promising students.
James Peale was the younger brother of Charles Willson Peale, a significant portrait artist and museum founder, and received his earliest instruction from him. Like his brother, James served in the Continental army, settling in Philadelphia in 1779.
Charles Willson Peale is best remembered for his monumental portraits of George Washington and other Revolutionary War--era figures, and for organizing and opening America’s first natural history and art museums in Baltimore and Philadelphia.