Raised in Aberdeen, Archibald Robertson studied in Scotland and London with Sir Joshua Reynolds and the American artist Benjamin West before immigrating to the United States in 1791. He began his career painting a portrait from life of George Washington, and enjoyed great success for three decades as a miniature painter. When his younger brother Alexander arrived in New York in 1792, the brothers founded the Columbian Academy of Painting. In 1802, Archibald published a drawing manual, and he wrote on miniature painting as well. His wife, Eliza Abramse, was also a talented artist.
Luce Artist Biography