A self-taught artist, George Catlin is best remembered for his extensive travels across the American West, recording the lives of Native Americans in a collection of images the artist called his Indian Gallery.
Lozowick attended art school in Kiev for two years. In 1906 he moved to New York with his family, and in 1912 he entered the school of the National Academy of Design where he studied with Leon Kroll and Emil Carlsen.
The conjunction between art and commerce that winds through Penn's career challenges our usual definitions of both these areas. Issues of art—the pursuit of a particular aesthetic standard—and advertising—the creation of desire—are topics usually considered antithetical.
Thomas Moran was the first American painter to capture the grandeur of Yellowstone and the Grand Canyon. Born in England, he immigrated to America as a child and apprenticed to an engraver in Philadelphia.
Joseph Renier grew up in New Jersey and studied at the Art Students League in New York. He attended art schools in Paris and Brussels, and in 1915 won the Prix de Rome to study at the American Academy.
Bror Julius Olsson Nordfeldt came to America from Sweden when he was thirteen. He studied at the Art Institute of Chicago, working for a Swedish newspaper before and after his classes in order to make money.
A tough, feisty photographer who began freelancing for the Associated Press in 1935, Wolcott has only recently received the attention she deserves.
The Pach brothers, Gustavus, Gotthelf, and Oscar, operated one of the most successful photographic studios in New York City, with branches throughout the East Coast. Their business included individual and group portraits as well as school photography.
Ben Shahn came to America in 1906. He left high school at fourteen to apprentice to a lithographer, but missed his studies and took classes in drawing, Greek, bookkeeping, and chemistry during his free time.
Born in New Brunswick, New Jersey, Leonard Baskin was educated at the New York University School of Applied Arts and, after a stint in the United States navy, at the New School for Social Research in New York City.