Paul Manship’s Artistic Process | Lunder Conservation Center Audio Tour

Paul Manship often used the lost-wax casting technique, which was still quite a novel bronze-casting method in the United States at the time of his 1913 professional debut. In lost-wax casting, mold-making material—such as plaster—is poured around a wax model of the sculpture. Once the mold material hardens, the wax is melted out of the mold. This leaves a cavity in the mold the exact shape of the sculpture. Molten bronze is then poured into this cavity. Bronze is an alloy consisting mostly of copper and tin. Paul Manship, like many other artists, often worked closely with bronze casting foundries to create sculptures due to the complexity of this multi-step process.

Learn about Paul Manship’s process of the lost-wax casting technique.