"Brick Kilns," Clay Bluffs 1900 Miles above St. Louis

  • George Catlin, "Brick Kilns," Clay Bluffs 1900 Miles above St. Louis, 1832, oil on canvas, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr., 1985.66.366

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By the action of water, or other power, the country seems to have been graded away; leaving occasionally a solitary mound or bluff, rising in a conical form to the height of two or three hundred feet, generally pointed or rounded at the top, and in some places grouped together in great numbers . . . the sides of these conical bluffs (which are composed of strata of different coloured clays), are continually washing down by the effect of the rains and melting of the frost; and the superincumbent masses of pumice and basalt are crumbling off, and falling down to their bases . . .

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“To this group of clay bluffs, which line the river for many miles in distance, the voyageurs have very appropriately given the name of ‘the Brick-kilns;’ owing to their red appearance, which may be discovered in a clear day at the distance of many leagues . . .

Title
"Brick Kilns," Clay Bluffs 1900 Miles above St. Louis
Artist
Date
1832
On View
Not on view.
Dimensions
11 1/8 x 14 1/4 in. (28.3 x 36.3 cm)
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.

Mediums
Mediums Description
oil on canvas
Classifications
Keywords
  • Landscape – United States
  • Ethnic – Indian
  • Landscape – mountain
Object Number
1985.66.366
Palette
Linked Open Data
Linked Open Data URI