General John Cadwalader

  • Charles Willson Peale, General John Cadwalader, ca. 1788, watercolor on ivory, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bequest of Mary Elizabeth Spencer, 1999.27.30

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During the Revolutionary War, General John Cadwalader (1742-1786) commanded troops at the battles of Brandywine, Germantown, Monmouth, and Princeton. He was much admired by his close friend General George Washington, who referred to him as "a military genius." Washington offered Cadwalader the position of Continental brigadier general, but his friend declined, preferring to become a state legislator in Maryland after the war. When Charles Willson Peale painted Cadwalader's likeness, it was intended to ornament a woman's bracelet, and in fact the original fittings for an ornamental band---similar to today's watchbands---are visible along the sides of the miniature's case.

General John Cadwalader
ca. 1788
On View
Not on view.
sight 1 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 1/4 in. (3.9 x 3.2 x 0.5 cm) oval
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Bequest of Mary Elizabeth Spencer

Mediums Description
watercolor on ivory
  • Occupation – military – general
  • Portrait male – Cadwalader, John – bust
Object Number
Linked Open Data
Linked Open Data URI

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