The Trial of Red Jacket

  • John Mix Stanley, The Trial of Red Jacket, 1869, oil on canvas, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of George M. Stanley (grandson of the artist) and family and museum purchase , 1990.34

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Red Jacket (1758-1830) was a famous leader of the Seneca tribe of the Iroquois Nation. In this ambitious painting, John Mix Stanley showed the chief defending himself against a charge of witchcraft. Under his white robe is the red jacket given to him by a British officer for his help as a messenger during the American Revolution. Stanley trained as a portrait painter, and all of the figures in this work are portraits of identifiable individuals. The Trial of Red Jacket was almost destroyed in the Smithsonian Institution's fire of 1865. (Antiques, November 1990; Javiga da Costa Nunes, "Red Jacket: The Man and his Portraits," The American Art Journal, Summer 1980)

Title
The Trial of Red Jacket
Artist
Date
1869
On View
Not on view.
Dimensions
23 1/2 x 36 1/8 in. (59.7 x 91.7 cm.)
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Gift of George M. Stanley (grandson of the artist) and family and museum purchase

Mediums
Mediums Description
oil on canvas
Classifications
Keywords
  • Portrait male – RED JACKET
  • Ethnic – Indian – Seneca
  • Figure group
  • Occupation – other – chief
  • Occupation – education – orator
  • History – United States – Trial of Red Jacket
Object Number
1990.34
Palette
Linked Open Data
Linked Open Data URI