• Unidentified, Untitled, before 1997, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Chuck and Jan Rosenak and museum purchase, 1997.124.201

Luce Center Label

Carved fish decoys are one of the earliest forms of American folk art. Hunters around the Bering Sea first used small bone or ivory decoys for ice fishing around 1000 AD. They believed that the decoys embodied the innua, or inner spirit of the fish. The practice spread to upstate New York and the Great Lakes, where it became a tourist industry with many communities growing around prime fishing areas. Ice fishing was banned in 1905, however, because the popularity of the sport had brought about a serious decline in large game fish.

before 1997
On View
1 x 8 1/4 x 5 3/4 in. (2.5 x 21 x 14.6 cm)
Credit Line

Smithsonian American Art Museum

Gift of Chuck and Jan Rosenak and museum purchase

  • Animal – fish
Object Number
Linked Open Data
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ca. 1675-1725
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